The Enlightenment brought political modernization to the west, in terms of focusing on democratic values and institutions and the creation of modern, liberal democracies. Enlightenment thinkers sought to curtail the political power of organized religion, and thereby prevent another age of intolerant religious war.
What impact of the Enlightenment is most important?
It focused on the reasoning power of the individual. What was the most important influence on the Enlightenment? The Scientific Revolution- During the 1500s when European scientists used reason, observation, and experimentation to learn about the physical world.
What was a major cause of the Enlightenment?
Causes. On the surface, the most apparent cause of the Enlightenment was the Thirty Years’ War. This horribly destructive war, which lasted from 1618 to 1648, compelled German writers to pen harsh criticisms regarding the ideas of nationalism and warfare.
What are John Locke’s natural rights?
Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are “life, liberty, and property.” Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives.
What is Locke’s main idea?
In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.
How did philosophers spread knowledge to different parts of society?
Extra clarification – Philosophers spread knowledge to different parts of the society by publishing their ideas in newspapers, magazines and other editorial messages.
Who were the philosophes and what was their impact on the 18th century?
The philosophes (French for “philosophers”) were the intellectuals of the 18th-century Enlightenment. Few were primarily philosophers; rather, philosophes were public intellectuals who applied reason to the study of many areas of learning, including philosophy, history, science, politics, economics, and social issues.