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What happens when two gas molecules collide?

Collisions are perfectly elastic; when two molecules collide, they change their directions and kinetic energies, but the total kinetic energy is conserved. Collisions are not “sticky”. The average kinetic energy of the gas molecules is directly proportional to the absolute temperature.

What is represented in the ideal gas law?

The Ideal Gas Law is a simple equation demonstrating the relationship between temperature, pressure, and volume for gases. Combined, these form the Ideal Gas Law equation: PV = NRT. P is the pressure, V is the volume, N is the number of moles of gas, R is the universal gas constant, and T is the absolute temperature.

What is an ideal mixture?

In chemistry, an ideal solution or ideal mixture is a solution in which the gas phase exhibits thermodynamic properties analogous to those of a mixture of ideal gases. The concept of an ideal solution is fundamental to chemical thermodynamics and its applications, such as the use of colligative properties.

What is ideal solution and its characteristics?

An ideal solution is the solution which obeys Raoult’s law exactly over entire range of concentration. Such solutions are formed by mixing the two components which are identical in molecular size, in structure and have almost identical intermolecualr forces.

What is non ideal solution give example?

A common example of a type of solution where this behavior is seen is in mixtures of carbon disulfide and acetone. Carbon disulfide is non-polar and acetone is polar. An example of this kind of non-ideal solution is a mixture of acetone and chloroform.

What is difference between ideal solution and non-ideal solution?

– P∘ is the vapour pressure of pure solvent. Now, as we have covered the basics we can move on to the differences between ideal and non-ideal solution….Complete step by step answer:

Ideal solution Non-ideal solution
1. It obeys Raoult’s law to the furthest extent possible. 1. Does not obey Raoult’s law.

Which of the following is a non-ideal solution?

Putting these two components together in a mixture results in dipole induced dipole interaction since dipole-dipole induced forces are not nearly as strong as the dipole-dipole interaction between chloroform molecules in a pure substance, carbon tetrachloride, and chloroform mixtures are the non-ideal solution.

Which non-ideal solution shows negative deviation?

Answer. Answer: For example, acetone and chloroform form a non-ideal solution showing negative deviation from Raoult’s law.

Which of the following mixture does not show positive deviation from Raoult’s Law?


Which of the following liquid pairs shows a positive deviation from Raoult’s Law?

Benzene – methanol shows a positive deviation from Raoult’s law. For such liquid pairs, total vapour pressure is more than that expected according to Raoult’s law.

Does water and nitric acid show positive deviation?

Water and hydrochloric acid; and water and nitric acid form miscible solutions. They show no deviation.

When liquid A and B are mixed hydrogen bonding occurs the solution will show?

It must be exothermic and also shows negative deviation from raoult’s law. Reason for negative deviation: The intermolecular forces between A-A and B-B are weaker than those between A-B. So, when u mix these kind of solutions, heat will be released and also it leads to decrease in vapour pressure.

Why does chloroform and acetone show negative deviation?

A solution of chloroform and acetone shows negative deviation from Raoult’s law because they have an attractive interaction happening between them which results in the formation of hydrogen bonding. That’s why they show negative deviation from Raoult’s law.