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What is endoplasmic reticulum in simple words?

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER), in biology, a continuous membrane system that forms a series of flattened sacs within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells and serves multiple functions, being important particularly in the synthesis, folding, modification, and transport of proteins . …

What does the mitochondria do simple?

Known as the “powerhouses of the cell,” mitochondria produce the energy necessary for the cell’s survival and functioning. Through a series of chemical reactions, mitochondria break down glucose into an energy molecule known as adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is used to fuel various other cellular processes.

What does reticulum mean?

1 : the second compartment of the stomach of a ruminant in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells — compare abomasum, omasum, rumen. 2 : a reticulate structure : network.

What is the function of reticulum?

The main function of the reticulum is to collect smaller digesta particles and move them into the omasum while the larger particles remain in the rumen for further digestion. The reticulum also traps and collects heavy/dense objects consumed by the animal.

What is another name for the reticulum?

The reticulum is colloquially referred to as the honeycomb. It is also known as the bonnet and as the kings-hood. When cleaned and used for food, it is called “tripe”.

What does Omasum mean?

: the third chamber of the ruminant stomach that is situated between the reticulum and the abomasum — compare rumen.

What is another name for the Abomasum?

The abomasum, also known as the maw, rennet-bag, or reed tripe, is the fourth and final stomach compartment in ruminants. It secretes rennet, which is used in cheese creation. The word abomasum (ab- “away from” + omasum “intestine of an ox”) is from New Latin and it was first used in English in 1706.

What occurs in the Abomasum?

Overview. The abomasum is the fourth chamber in the ruminant. It functions similarly to the carnivore stomach as it is glandular and digests food chemically, rather than mechanically or by fermentation like the other 3 chambers of the ruminant stomach.

Do humans have Omasum?

After the second chew and swallow, the food is digested some more in the last two compartments of the stomach (omasum and abomasums). Humans only chew and swallow their food once. The stomach helps break up the food into smaller amounts.

What does the inside of the Omasum look like?

The omasum is spherical to crescent shape and has multiple leaflets similar to that of a book called omasal laminae. The omasal laminae are made of thin muscular layers covered with a nonglandular mucous membrane.