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What is the physical and chemical properties of soil?

A soil’s physical and chemical properties affect plant growth and soil management. Some important physical and chemical properties of soil are mineral content, texture, cation exchange capacity, bulk density, structure, porosity, organic matter content, carbon-to-ni- trogen ratio, color, depth, fertility, and pH.

What are the soil physical properties?

Physical properties of soil include color, texture, structure, porosity, density, consistence, temperature, and air. Colors of soils vary widely and indicate such important properties as organic matter, water, and redox conditions.

What are the types of soil and their properties?

Characteristics of different soil types

  • Sand soils. Sand soils are often dry, nutrient deficient and fast-draining.
  • Silt soils, 0-10% clay. These soils differ from sand soils by having a greater tendency to form a crust, which is often very hard.
  • Clay soils with 10-25% clay.
  • Clay soils with 25-40% clay.
  • Clay soils with 40% clay.

Which physical property of soil is important to us?

The physical properties of the soil are very important for agricultural production and the sustainable use of soil. The amount and rate of water, oxygen, and nutrient absorption by plants depend on the ability of the roots to absorb the soil solution as well as the ability of the soil to supply it to the roots.

What is SM soil classification?

SM. Silty sands, sand-silt mixtures. SC. Clayey sands, sand-clay mixtures. FINE-GRAINED SOILS (50% or more of material is smaller than No.

How do you classify USCS soil?

Unified Soil Classification System

  1. Coarse grained soils: In these soils, 50% or more of the total material by weight is larger than 75 micron IS sieve size.
  2. Fine grained soils: In these soils, 50% or more of the total material by weight is smaller than 75 micron IS sieve size.
  3. Highly organic soils and other miscellaneous soil materials:

What is CC and CU?

The uniformity coefficient (Cu), curvature coefficient (Cc) and the effective size (D10) are the grading characteristics of the soil. These are the geometric properties of a grading curve that describe a particular type of soil.

Is soil classification group a symbol?

Symbol chart

Major divisions Group symbol
Fine grained soils 50% or more passing the No