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What is the product of translation?

The molecule that results from translation is protein — or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. During translation, little protein factories called ribosomes read the messenger RNA sequences.

What’s the end product of translation?


What happens translation?

Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.

What is the product of translation answers com?

In DNA replication, the product of translation, is a polypeptide, which will eventually become a fully functional protein.

What happens first in translation?

Translation: Beginning, middle, and end Initiation (“beginning”): in this stage, the ribosome gets together with the mRNA and the first tRNA so translation can begin. Elongation (“middle”): in this stage, amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNAs and linked together to form a chain.

How is information converted into translation?

Information converted in translation from DNA to amino acids. It is a two-step process which is transcription and translation, by which information from genes flows into proteins: DNA → RNA → protein. Together, transcription and translation are called as gene expression.

How does the process of translation convert information answers com?

Information from the nucleotides is translated to information in amino acids through a process of translation. Each codon (set of three nucleotides in sequence)codes for one amino acid. There are three codons that also code for the ‘stop’ signal that indicates where the translation should stop.

What happens at the end of translation answers com?

The end result of transcription and translation are proteins.

How is protein synthesis different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

In eukaryotes, protein synthesis occurs in the cytoplasm. In prokaryotes, protein synthesis begins even before the transcription of mRNA molecule is completed. This is called coupled transcription – translation. In eukaryotes, most of the gene have introns or non coding sequences along with exons or coding sequences.

What are two functional parts of a charged tRNA?

Transfer RNA (tRNA) is a small RNA molecule that participates in protein synthesis. Each tRNA molecule has two important areas: a trinucleotide region called the anticodon and a region for attaching a specific amino acid.

What is the main goal of transcription and translation?

The purpose of transcription is to make RNA copies of individual genes that the cell can use in the biochemistry. The purpose of translation is to synthesize proteins, which are used for millions of cellular functions. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template.

What are the 4 amino acids in DNA?

The four types of nitrogen bases found in nucleotides are: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C). The order, or sequence, of these bases determines what biological instructions are contained in a strand of DNA.

What is an amino acid in DNA?

Amino acids are a set of 20 different molecules used to build proteins. The sequence of the amino acid chain causes the polypeptide to fold into a shape that is biologically active. The amino acid sequences of proteins are encoded in the genes.