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Why is a RNA primer necessary for DNA replication?

In living organisms, primers are short strands of RNA. The synthesis of a primer is necessary because the enzymes that synthesize DNA, which are called DNA polymerases, can only attach new DNA nucleotides to an existing strand of nucleotides. The primer therefore serves to prime and lay a foundation for DNA synthesis.

Which is the lagging strand?

The lagging strand is the DNA strand replicated in the 3′ to 5′ direction during DNA replication from a template strand. It is synthesized in fragments. The discontinuous replication results in several short segments which are called Okazaki fragments.

Why is there a lagging strand in DNA replication?

On the lagging strand, the DNA plymerase moves the opposite direction as helicase, thus it can only copy a small length of DNA at one time. Because of the different directions the two enzymes moves on the lagging strand, the DNA chain is only synthetised in small fragments. Hence it is called the lagging strand.

What is the leading and lagging strand in DNA replication?

Within each fork, one DNA strand, called the leading strand, is replicated continuously in the same direction as the moving fork, while the other (lagging) strand is replicated in the opposite direction in the form of short Okazaki fragments.

What happens to nucleosomes during DNA replication?

After the new strand of DNA is synthesized by the polymerase, assembly factors reconstitute old nucleosomes and assemble new nucleosomes behind the replication fork. Because there is a doubling of genetic material during replication, cells require double the amount of the genome packing material, namely, the histones.

What makes exact replication of DNA possible?

What makes exact DNA replication possible? The geometry of individual base pairs allows only one base to form a hydrogen bond with its complement base.

Why is it important that DNA replication is exact?

Why is it is more important for DNA replication to be exact than for transcription or translation to be exact? (1 point) It is more important for DNA replication to be exact than for transcription or translation to be exact because DNA replication produces the master copy which transcription and translation use as the …

What are the complementary rules for DNA replication?

Replication relies on complementary base pairing, that is the principle explained by Chargaff’s rules: adenine (A) always bonds with thymine (T) and cytosine (C) always bonds with guanine (G).